Reading is an important skill for success in all facets of life. Reading is more than just choosing words on a page; It is a process of critical thinking that involves evaluating ideas and applying them to everyday situations. Basic reading skills include vocabulary acquisition, pre-reading strategies, textual understanding, organizational skills and intervention skills. Mastery of these basic skills allows the reader to increase their reading speed, comprehension, and general vocabulary.
An important basic skill in reading is the recognition of words. To acquire a more vocabulary the reader must practice word recognition by using sight words and high-frequency use word lists such as basic vocabulary Dolce or Fry List of 1000 words at high frequency. These words are practiced with flash cards, walls of words and spreadsheets. A person can improve their vocabulary also by working crossword puzzles and board games like the Scrabble.
Pre-reading strategies include taking a time to become familiar with the text before jumping into the actual main body of the text. Readers are invited to read the title, background information, author information and subtopics in the text. It is also useful for them to note all the words in bold and underlined or also captions under the photos. Previewing the photos or frames that accompany the text also help the reader to connect with the material before starting to read the text.
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An important skill in reading is to learn to understand the main idea of a text. This is done by first determining the thesis report of the text. The statement of the thesis, or subject sentence, tells the reader what the text is about; This is the most important sentence in the text. Sometimes the main idea is implicit rather than directly stated in a sentence and the reader must learn to deduce (make an enlightened guess) as to what the main idea of the text is to understand the material as a whole.
Sense of organization
Another basic skill that is essential to reading is the ability to organize the material. This helps to improve understanding of reading and in increasing reading speed. Ways to organize information include key points highlighting, taking notes in margins and preparing a draft text. Practice organizing key points when reading helps to understand and improves reading speed.
Summarizing the reading material allows the reader to customize the information they have read. Studies show that people keep information better when they can relate it to their own personal experience. A summary of a reading text requires that the reader reformulates the main idea of the subject and reflect on their own reaction to the content of the text. This basic reading skill is essential to becoming a better reader.
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