Basic reading skills build a foundation that will have children in elementary school and prepare them for the advanced skills in language arts required in the school environment. From kindergarten, a standard course of study will teach children the basic skills needed to become independent readers. Basic reading skills will give children the structure and tempo of the language during the early years of their development.
The basic reading skills program begins by teaching children about individual letters – two cases, words and upper and lower sounds, and how to apply that knowledge to read simple sentences. Teaching the concepts of writing the material will help children identify parts of a book as a result of the words on a page in the right direction and understanding that the printing equipment provides information.
Mastery and Vocabulary
Learning basic reading skills gives children the opportunity to count their syllables, move sequentially from sound to sound and respond to oral prompts. Word recognition skills will help children recognize that words change just like sounds. The development of vocabulary must be age-appropriate, including identification and sorting, and offer children the opportunity to use the general and specific language to describe common objects.
Basic reading skills include strategies to help children understand the most basic ideas and facts of what they hear, see, and read. The learner must demonstrate familiarity with a variety of books, a sense of history and an understanding of the literary language. Children are encouraged to use prior knowledge before and during reading the text, formulate questions that can be solved in the text, predict what can happen, understand the sequence and know the difference between reality and fantasy.
Response and analysis
Children’s engagement in listening activities will help meet the appropriate quality level stories on the well-known characters, settings, themes and plots. Children will also learn to identify common printing materials such as poems, stories, newspapers and signs.
For children to continue to develop their basic reading skills, education must continue every day at home. Parents can read to their children, choosing a familiar book with large letters. Listening to the child read aloud will provide the practice and confidence needed for when the child reads aloud at school. In addition, when parents read a wide variety of materials, it will introduce the child to various reading sources such as magazines and newspapers.